Zambia is one of the larger inland African countries of 752,612 km2 with a relatively small but dynamically growing population. It is one of the poorest countries with a GDP per capita of about 1700 USD and in recent years with a total growth of 3-4 %. Zambia has allocated a significant portion of its land surface to wildlife conservation. The protected area is comprised of 20 national parks (covering ~65,000 km2) and 36 game management areas (167,000 km2) and a variety of other protected area categories. Together these areas comprise ~40% of the nation’s land area. Since 2017, Zambia has become a priority country for Czech development cooperation.
The Nature Conservation Agency (NCA) has developed in close cooperation with Zambian Ministry of Tourism and Arts, and the Czech University of Life Sciences a feasibility study in three Zambian national parks studying possibilities to develop eco-tourism infrastructure as a mean for biodiversity conservation, rural development and poverty alleviation. The results of the study suggest building an eco-tourism facility in Kafue National Park as a source of sustainable income to local population, biodiversity protection and ecosystem research.